# Syllabus of Basic Electrical Engineering BEE PSBTE Diploma

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Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Syllabus of Basic Electrical Engineering BEE Diploma PSBTE Exam

Â  Â  Â  Â  Â IntroductionÂ

Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  RATIONALE

A diploma holder may be involved in various jobs ranging from preventive maintenance of electrical installationÂ to fault location. In addition, he/she may be working in testing laboratories where he/she uses measuringÂ instruments. To carry out these and similar jobs effectively, knowledge of basic concepts, principles and theirÂ applications is very essential. This course will enable the students to understand the basic concepts andÂ principles of dc and ac fundamental, ac circuits, batteries, electromagnetic induction, voltage and currentÂ sources etc

1.Overview of DC Circuits (06 hrs)

Overview of DC Circuits (06 hrs)

1.1 Simple problems on series and parallel combination of resistors with their wattage consideration,

1.2 Application of Kirchhoffâ€™s current law and Kirchhoffâ€™s voltage law to simple circuits. Star â€“Delta connections and their conversion.

4th semester

2.DC Circuits Theorems (06 hrs) Theveninâ€™s theorem, Nortonâ€™s theorem, application of network theorems in solving d.c circuit problems.

3. Voltage and Current Sources (04 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

a) Concept of voltage source, symbol and graphical representation characteristics of ideal and practical sources.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

b) Concept of current sources, symbol, characteristics and graphical representation of ideal andÂ practical current sources.

4th semester

4. Electro Magnetic Induction (10 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

a) Concept of electro-magnetic field produced by flow of electric current, magnetic circuit, concept of magneto-motive force (MMF), flux, reluctance, permeability, analogy between electric and magnetic circuit.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

Â b) Faradayâ€™s laws of electro-magnetic induction, principles of self and mutual induction, self and mutually induced e.m.f, simple numerical problems.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

c) Concept of current growth, decay and time constant in an inductive (RL) circuit.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â d) Energy stored in an inductor, series and parallel combination of inductors.

5. Batteries (06 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

5.1 Basic idea of primary and secondary cellsÂ  Â

5.2 Construction, working principle and applications of Lead-Acid, Nickel-Cadmium and Silver-Oxide batteriesÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

5.3 Charging methods used for lead-acid battery (accumulator )Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

5.4 Care and maintenance of lead-acid batteryÂ  Â Â

5.5 Series and parallel connections of batteries

Â 5.6 General idea of solar cells, solar panels and their applicationsÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

Â 5.7 Introduction to maintenance free batteries

2nd semester

6. AC Fundamentals (10 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

6.1 Concept of alternating quantitiesÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

6.2 Difference between ac and dcÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

6.3 Concepts of: cycle, frequency, time period, amplitude, instantaneous value, average value,r.m.s. value, maximum value, form factor and peak factor.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

6.4 Representation of sinusoidal quantities by phasor diagrams.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

6.5 Equation of sinusoidal wave form for an alternating quantity and its derivationÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

6.6 Effect of alternating voltage applied to a pure resistance, pure inductance and pure capacitance.

7. AC Circuits (16 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

7.1 Concept of inductive and capacitive reactance

Â 7.2 Alternating voltage applied to resistance and inductance in series.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

7.3 Alternating voltage applied to resistance and capacitance in series.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

7.4 Impedance triangle and phase angleÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

Â 7.5 Solutions and phasor diagrams for simple RLC circuits (series and parallel).Â

7.6 Introduction to series and parallel resonance and its conditionsÂ

7.7 Power in pure resistance, inductance and capacitance, power in combined RLC circuits. Power factor, active and reactive power and their significance, definition and significance of power factor.Â

7.8 j-notation and its application in solving series and parallel ac circuitsÂ

7.9 Definition of conductance, susceptance, admittance, impedance and their units

2ndÂ  semester

8. Various Types of Power Plants (06 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

8.1 Brief explanation of principle of power generation practices in thermal, hydro and nuclear power stations and their comparative study. A Visit to a nearby Power Station(s) may be organized for better understanding and exposure.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

Â 8.2 Elementary block diagram of above mentioned power stations

LIST OF PRACTICALS

1. Familiarization of measuring instruments viz voltmeter, ammeter, CRO, Wattmeter, multi-meter and other accessories.2. Determination of voltage-current relationship in a dc circuit under specific physical conditions and to draw conclusions.

3. Measurement of resistance of an ammeter and a voltmeter

4. Verification of dc circuits: a.. Theveninâ€™s theorem, b. Nortonâ€™s theorem,

5. Observation of change in resistance of a bulb in hot and cold conditions, using voltmeter and ammeter.

6. Verification of Kirchhoff\’s Current and Voltage Laws in a dc circuit

7. To find the ratio of inductance of a coil having air-core and iron-core respectively and to observe the effect of introduction of a magnetic core on coil inductance

8. Computation of the voltage current relationship in single phase R-L and R-C series circuits, drawing of their impedance triangles and determination of the power factor in each case .

9. Charging and testing of a lead – acid storage battery.

10. Measurement of power and power factor in a single phase R-.L-.C. Circuit and calculation of active and reactive powers in the circuit.

11. Visit to a nearby Power Station(s) may be arranged

2nd semester

6. AC Fundamentals (10 hrs)Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

6.1 Concept of alternating quantitiesÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

Â 6.2 Difference between ac and dcÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

6.3 Concepts of: cycle, frequency, time period, amplitude, instantaneous value, average value,r.m.s. value, maximum value, form factor and peak factor.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

6.4 Representation of sinusoidal quantities by phasor diagrams.Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â

Â 6.5 Equation of sinusoidal wave form for an alternating quantity and its derivationÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â Â

6.6 Effect of alternating voltage applied to a pure resistance, pure inductance and pure capacitance.

IONAL STRA emphasis on laboratory work and give home assignments to students to inculcate self-study and problem solving abilities amongst them.

INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIESÂ  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Â  Basic electrical engineering being a fundamental subject, it needs to be handled very carefully and in a manner such that students develop clear understanding of the related concepts and principles. The teacher may lay more emphasis on laboratory work and give home assignments to students to inculcate self-study and problem solving abilities amongst them.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

1. Electrical Technology, Fifth Edition by Edward Hughes, Longman Publishers.

2. Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering by SK Sahdev; Dhanpat Rai and Co, New Delhi.

3. Experiments in Basic Electrical Engineering by SK Bhattacharya, KM Rastogi; New Age International (P) Ltd.; Publishers New Delhi.

4. Electrical Science by Choudhury S.; Narosa Publishing House Pvt Ltd, Darya ganj, New Delhi.

5. Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering by Kumar KM, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd, Jang pura, New Delhi.

6. Electrical Technology by BL Theraja, S Chand and Co, New Delhi.

7. Basic Electricity by BR Sharma; Satya Prakashan; New Delhi.

8. Principles of Electrical Engineering by BR Gupta, S Chand and Co, New Delhi.

9. Basic Electrical Engineering by PS Dhogal, Tata Mc Graw-Hill publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.

10. Basic Electrical Engineering by JB Gupta; SK Kataria and Sons, New Delhi.

11. Experiments in Basic Electrical Engineering by GP Chhalhotra, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi

12. Basic Electrical Engineering by J.S. Katre, Technical Max. Publication, Pune.

2ndÂ  semester